Bees wax . Yellow-orange color; used in cereals, bakery, sweets, snack foods, ice cream, drinks and canned fish; synthetic; also in many medications including Berocca, Polaramine, Ventolin syrup; side effects are urticaria (hives), rhinitis (runny nose), nasal congestion, allergies, hyperactivity, kidney tumors, chromosomal damage, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, indigestion, distaste for food; seen … [5], E150a stands for a coloring agent called caramel. [15], Glycerol (E422) is an oily colorless alcohol which is derived by decomposition of natural fats with alkalis and it is used in dried fruit, liqueurs and vodka. [25] Therefore, the fact that some food additives are made synthetically does not mean that they are dangerous and we should avoid them. That is why my team did extensive research and created this guide to help navigate the most commonly used food additives on the market. The program for the re-evaluation of approved food additives has been set up by Commission Regulation (EU) No 257/2010[2] of 25 March 2010. [4] [22], E100 stands for a coloring agent called curcumin, which is made from the root of a curcuma plant and is used in production of margarine, cheese and fish fingers. Therefore, it is a biological coloring agent. Gartenfelder Str.1, – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7816350, [14] Paul Cherry, Cathal O’Hara, Pamela J Magee, Emeir M McSorley and Philip J Allsopp – Risks and benefits of consuming edible seaweeds – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6551690/, [15] Tugce Senturk Parreidt, Kajetan Müller and Markus Schmid – Alginate-Based Edible Films and Coatings for Food Packaging Applications – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6211027/, [16] Nutrients review – Glycerin (Glycerol) – http://www.nutrientsreview.com/carbs/edible-glycerin.html, [17] Thomas O. Carpenter, Maria C. DeLucia, Jane Hongyuan Zhang, Gina Bejnerowicz, Lisa Tartamella, James Dziura, Kitt Falk Petersen, Douglas Befroy, and Dorothy Cohen – A Randomized Controlled Study of Effects of Dietary Magnesium Oxide Supplementation on Bone Mineral Content in Healthy Girls – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2995550/, [18] Turner RB1, Cetnarowski WE – Effect of treatment with zinc gluconate or zinc acetate on experimental and natural colds. Aspartame is probably one of the most controversial additives on the market and because of the widely conflicting research, some of which says it is safe and others which give side effects ranging from headaches to death with almost everything in between, establishing the truth is almost impossible. For example, aspartame, a low-calorie sweetener, is added to food with a specific purpose of enhancing the taste without increasing the calorie content. They support their claims mainly with the synthetically produced substances, such as controversial aspartame or sodium glutamate. These are used to enhance the colour, flavour, texture or prevent them from spoiling. If you are interested in understanding the additives and what role they play in production of food products, continue reading this article. Pure zein is clear, odorless, tasteless, hard, water-insoluble, and edible. Food additives are added to food for various reasons, good and bad. It is a great source of magnesium, which among other things secures also the healthy functioning of the circulatory and nervous system. [4] [22], An example of a natural antioxidant is ascorbic acid (E300) which is in fact vitamin C. It regulates the acidity and alkalinity of food and prevents the growth of bacteria, yeasts and moulds. Sat / 10:00AM - 5:00PM. Among them is for example citric acid (E330), which is a weak organic acid existing naturally in citrus fruits. Some of the acidity regulators can be found also in the group of additives labelled as E300 – E399. [1] Many nutrition “specialists” claim that additional substances labelled as “E” in food are harmful. According to one manufacturer’s website, “Lac dye can be used in juice drinks, carbonated drinks, wine, candy, jam and sauce.”. What frightens people the most about the side effects of the artificial sweeteners, color additives and preservatives is the child hyperactivity. A good example is water and oil. ... Summary There are many foods and food additives to which people are intolerant. It plays a crucial role in maintaining the supply of energy to human body and it is used in production of cheese and margarine. However terribly it may sound that there are some artificial colors added to our food to make it more eye catching, there are some natural coloring agents included in this group as well. We have created all sorts of plastics that are used in innumerable ways. E290, that is carbon dioxide, is colorless gas which can be found naturally in the Earth’s atmosphere as a trace element. So, avoid the use of food additives in order to live a healthy life. Over the last few decades, the number of chemicals added to foods and other products has skyrocketed. (not vegan) E904 is the food additive number for Shellac, a resin excreted by the female lac bug. [7], It is no secret that the salami you buy in a supermarket can sustain about a month without getting spoiled. Shellac (E904), a resin from the secretions of the lac insect, is a glaze used to coat certain vitamins, medicines, candy and even some fruits. Food additive codes and numbers - miscellaneos additives, including 1520 which is known to be toxic and e928 which should be avoided by people with asthma or allergies What you always wanted to know about Food Additives but had no one to ask. Gentle World is a non-profit, 501(c)(3) educational organization. … When used in food and candies, shellac has the food additive number E904, and is described on food labels as ‘confectioner’s glaze’, ‘confectioner’s resin’, ‘resinous glaze’, ‘candy glaze’, ‘pure food … They are afraid of the side affects connected with its use, such as nausea, asthma and headache. Shellac is also used as a pharmaceutical glaze, and serves as a coating material for tablets and capsules, particularly in time-released or delayed-action pills, since it stops the pill from breaking down in the stomach. [13], Thickeners add volume to the products and improve their structure and appearance. The encrusted resin that forms this shell is scraped off the branches where the insects nest. However, these are permitted in the European Union states and they do not pose any safety risk to humans providing that the optimal daily intake is kept. When used in food and confections, shellac has the food additive number E904, and is described on food labels as ‘confectioner’s glaze’, ‘confectioner’s resin’, ‘resinous glaze’, ‘candy glaze’, ‘pure food glaze’ and ‘natural glaze’. [24] You can read more about Aspartame in our article Artificial sweeteners – myths and facts about their safety and impacts on your health. A typical example is a jelly which contains components of a thickener, an emulsifier and also a stabilizer in one. In the United States, it may also be labeled as ‘confectioner’s glaze’. – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11073753, [19]Fratini F, Cilia G, Turchi B, Felicioli A -Beeswax: A minireview of its antimicrobial activity and its application in medicine. As well as being a traditional cosmetic in India, lac dye is primarily used to dye leather, silk and wool. According to European legislation, the additives can be used in the products only in case they meet the permissions based on three criteria: Based on their origin, the additives can be divided into three basic categories: Natural substances can be divided into individual categories based on their functions as follows: Additives numbered from 100 to 199 stand for color additives. E902. It is a label for additional substances, or additives which are added to food in order to extend its durability, or enhance the colour and taste of the product. Researchers have studied the effects of oral exposure to titanium dioxide, an additive (E171) commonly used in foodstuffs, especially confectionary. [9], Fumaric acid (E297) comes from plants of the genus Fumaria and it can be used to flavor, acidify and enhance the taste of non-alcoholic beverages. These side effects can occur if someone has an allergic reaction to certain … You can read more about sucralose in our article Sucralose – artificial sweetener and its impact on our health. Food Additives List of food additives and preservatives from A to Z and 100 to 1520 If you are looking for the Complete Food Additives List then use the Navigation of the Website to go to any Food Additive between A through to Z and Numbered 100 through to 1520. Plants Feel Pain Too? E901. GymBeam, However, there are some people who can experience side effects, such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, cough colds, vomiting, itching, and skin rashes after consuming food with additives. Dimethyl-polysiloxane . The Natural Health Guide to Food Additives. And what is more, Aspartame contains Phenylalanine which is a natural amino acid. Enter food additive or ingredient name. This problem … Local, Free-range, Organic Eggs: What’s the Story? It comes from a natural source of seaweed and it is used as a thickener, a gelling agent and a stabilizer in one. Germany, Working Days/Hours: Food additives are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). It is used in production of confectionery, but it can be also made into a pill coating. [18], Some of the food additives cannot be easily classified into any of the above mentioned categories. Preservatives can cause problem within young children like hyperactive behaviour. What exactly are additives or “E numbers”? If any of the additives posed provable threat for our health, their occurrence in food products and other goods would be banned. If in doubt, you may need to google the product or contact the manufacturer to determine if the additive they use is suitable for vegans. Urticaria (hives), rhinitis (runny nose), nasal congestion, allergies, hyperactivity, behavioural problems, vomiting, kidney tumors, chromosomal damage, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, indigestion, distaste for food; seen increased incidence of tumours in animals; banned in Norway. Antifoaming agents reduce or prevent foaming in foods while bulking agents such as starch are additives that increase the bulk of a food without affecting its nutritional value and taste. Various sources claim that “E numbers” in food products are dangerous and they harm our health. The Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act was passed by Congress in 1938 prohibiting the marketing of foods containing toxic substances. It is purely an organic extract of breech, which is 200 times sweeter than sugar, but it contains much less calories, therefore it is used in many fitness products. Maltodextrin is a common ingredient in packaged foods, such as pastries, candies, and soft drinks. [6] E120 or carmine is a red coloring agent, which is acquired from crushed fertilised female beetles named Dactylopius coccus Costa. Shellac is a resin that comes from the secretions of the female lac insect. However, it is also used as a coloring in some foods and soft drinks. Image: Carlos Porto / FreeDigitalPhotos.net, Previous post: Holy Basil (Tulsi) for Stress Reduction & More (with growing instructions), Reaching out for over 40 years, to inspire the vegan in everyone, Holy Basil (Tulsi) for Stress Reduction & More (with growing instructions). The most popular flavor enhancer is a common table salt. Background According to Article 32 of Regulation (EC) No 1333/2008[1], all food additives permitted before 20 January 2009 should be subject to a new risk assessment by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Anti-foaming agent . [12] Lecithis (E322) can be commonly found in egg yolks and it is a part of fatty acids in a body of each living organism. Side effects: None known. One study has confirmed its positive effects in treating a cold. Substances that are added to food to maintain or improve the safety [8] The increased intake of potassium is crucial for reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Function . Also known as ‘gum lac’, shellac also finds its way into household products such as sealing wax, adhesives, polish and varnish; in cosmetics such as hairsprays, mascara, nail polish, perfume and lipstick (and yes, there are vegan alternatives for all of these); as a binding agent in printing inks and paints; and in agriculture – coating urea to produce a slow releasing fertilizer. Consuming organic foods is the solution to healthier. – https://www.clinicalcorrelations.org/2014/04/30/msg-can-an-amino-acid-really-be-harmful/, [26] David C. Agerter, M.D – ADHD diet: Do food additives cause hyperactivity? The Food and Drug Administration, FDA, and also many other scientific studies have proven that the food additives do not cause ADHD/hyperactivity in children. We believe that thanks to our article you found out all the necessary information about the “E numbers”, their occurrence and necessity of use. But while they are certainly useful to keep food safe by preventing mould forming, some modern-day chemical preservatives can have unintended side effects on our health. Artificial food coloring is used to brighten and improve the appearance of … Coating, glazing agent Their irritability can present itself after eating the food or after a few hours when their bodies are craving the food again. It is used as a glaze for candy (including Jelly Belly jellybeans) as well as pills, and as a coating on citrus fruit and apples to prolong shelf-life. This dark brown color derived from sucrose is added to non-alcoholic beverages, beer and whiskey. It is already used as a coating for candy, nuts, fruit, pills, and other encapsulated foods and drugs. All of the following additives are potentially non-vegan. Read Food Labels! On the other hand, stabilizers make sure that the components already combined with the help of emulsifiers do not split. So, what do you do if you want to know whether that shine on your candy comes from an animal or a plant? Candilla wax . – https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/adhd/expert-answers/adhd/faq-20058203, Address: What’s a Vegan To Do? Function & Characteristics: Coating . Sucralose – artificial sweetener and its impact on our health. Food … There are two possible reasons for this – either they do not meet any of the criteria for classification or they can play multiple roles and thus their classification would not be clear. – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27633295, [20] Dong Chen, Chun-Xia Zhao, Camille Lagoin, Mingtan Hai, Laura R. Arriaga, Stephan Koehler, Alireza Abbaspourrad and David A. Weitz – Dispersing hydrophobic natural colourant β-carotene in shellac particles for enhanced stability and tunable colour – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5750000/, [21] Ur-Rehman S1, Mushtaq Z, Zahoor T, Jamil A, Murtaza MA – Xylitol: a review on bioproduction, application, health benefits, and related safety issues. There is a wide range of natural additives, which have beneficial impact on our health, although they are labelled as “E numbers”. [1] Food additives – https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/food-additives, [2] Food additives – Introduction – https://www.efsa.europa.eu/en/topics/topic/food-additives, [3] Paul Singh, Michael Davidson – Food additive– https://www.britannica.com/topic/food-additive, [4] E-Numbers & Food Additives – http://duncanlock.net/pages/e-numbers-food-additives.html#e100-e199, [5] Yvette Brazier -Benefits and sources of vitamin B2 – https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/219561.php, [6] Garima Sengar, Harish Kumar Sharma – Food caramels: a review – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4152495/, [7] Alghamdi AH, Alshammery HM, Abdalla MA, Alghamdi AF -Determination of carmine food dye (E120) in foodstuffs by stripping voltammetry. [4] [22], Another example is additive E406, that is agar. It has been shown that glycerol can serve as a protection against damaging the DNA, ultraviolet light and radiation. That’s why it is also used as a preservative and it is mainly used in production of wine, non-alcoholic beverages, jams and other foodstuffs. The harmful effects of “monosodium glutamate” food additive is to inhibit brain development in children. The numbers listed on your packaged foods replace the chemical or common name of food additives. [20]. E120. An example of such is zinc acetate with its number E650 which is harmless in small doses and is used to enhance the bitter taste of coffee and grapefruit. Perhaps the best-known preservative is salt. supports immunity, metabolizes fats and proteins, Vitamin A – improves sight, provides nutrients to teeth and nails, prevents separating water from oil, commonly found in eggs, basic building unit of plant cell walls, great fiber source. PRESERVATIVES E200 - E299 , E330 - E341 The most dangerous food additives: Sorbic Acid & … Maggi Pizzas Have Pig Harmful Chemicals Deadly Side Effects In Health on 5 Jun 2015 at 07:32 Artificial Food Coloring. Normally, the organic products have a limited endurance which expires after a certain period of time. [4] [22]. 13599 Berlin-Gartenfeld, They all contain food additives or chemicals that can be dangerous for children. The main uses of shellac in confectionery are to do with coating chocolate goods, such as candy-covered nuts and raisins, and similar products. In November 2009 EFSA launched a … – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24915309, [22] Explore numbers – Food additives – https://exploreenumbers.blogspot.com/, [23] Komisia európskych spoločenstiev – Správa komisie euróspkemu parlamentu a rade – https://www.svps.sk/dokumenty/potraviny/SEKPR.pdf, [24] Michael E J Lean – Aspartame and its effects on health – https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC520987/, [25] Michael Lee, MD – MSG: Can an amino acid really be harmful? The Scientific Committee on Food (SCF) evaluated the use of OPEW as a food additive but could not allocate an ADI and as an additive in food contact materials. Additive E955 stands for sucralose, an artificial sweetener which is 600 times sweeter than sugar. Number . Into this category of additives belongs also Xylitol (E976), which is mainly used as an alternative sweetener. 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