Quick Links Animated Quake Maps View the In 2013, it was announced that the tower and ball would be restored, and that funds were to be sought from the community to rebuild the rest of the station. [56], The six-storey Canterbury Television (CTV) building collapsed in the earthquake, leaving only its lift shaft standing, which caught fire. Web. In his formal statement, he commented that the loss of life was "dreadful" and the "thoughts and prayers of the British people were with them". [153], The army also operated desalination plants to provide water to the eastern suburbs. [24], The upwards (positive acceleration) was greater than the downwards, which had a maximum recording of 0.9g; the maximum recorded horizontal acceleration was 1.7g[26] The force of the earthquake was "statistically unlikely" to occur more than once in 1000 years, according to one seismic engineer, with a PGA greater than many modern buildings were designed to withstand. The earthquake was felt across the South Island and parts of the lower and central North Island. Researchers are unable to reliably compare an individual's mental health status to their health status previous to the trauma because they must rely on retrospective self-report. [165], Generators were donated, and telephone companies established emergency communications and free calls. [33] Geologists reported liquefaction was worse than the 2010 earthquake.[16]. [50] Because the earthquake hit during the lunch hour, some people on the footpaths were buried by collapsed buildings. The primarily wilderness all-volunteer search and rescue organisation, LandSAR, deployed 530 people to the city to perform welfare checks. PO Box 76070 Twelve Japanese students from the Toyama College of Foreign Languages died in the building collapse. An additional 28 people were killed in various places across the city centre, and twelve were killed in suburban Christchurch. [48] A number of cars were crushed by falling debris. [143][144] China sent a 10-member specialist rescue team. Wikipedia. [206], Canterbury University partially reopened on 14 March 2011, with many lectures held in tents and marquees while work was carried out on university buildings. The reaction to the statement sent the New Zealand dollar down. [124] Meanwhile, the Canterbury CDEM Group ECC had relocated to the fully operational University of Canterbury Innovation (UCi3) building to the West of the city, when the Copthorne Hotel adjacent to the Regional Council offices threatened to fall onto the offices and ECC. [252], In January 2013 Earthquake Recovery Minister Gerry Brownlee said repairs to damaged homes to date had totalled more than $1 billion. 06 Feb. 2013. Kuijer, R.G., Marshall, E.M., & Bishop, A.N. [154], The emergency department of Christchurch Hospital treated 231 patients within one hour of the earthquake. [256][257] This information is important to consider when reacting to future earthquakes and other natural disasters. They also provided forensic analysis and evidence gathering at fatalities and Disaster Victim Identification (DVI) teams, working closely with pathologists, forensic dentists and scientists, and the coroner at the emergency mortuary established at Burnham Military Camp. [22] The PGA is also one of the greatest-ever ground accelerations recorded in the world,[24] and was unusually high for a 6.2 quake,[25] and the highest in a vertical direction. [196] New Zealand's governor-general, Sir Anand Satyanand, attended, along with John Key, Bob Parker, and a number of local and international dignitaries. [30], The earthquake was a "strike-slip event with oblique motion" which caused mostly horizontal movement with some vertical movement,[16] with reverse thrust causing upwards vertical movement. 2011 Christchurch earthquake is similar to these topics: June 2011 Christchurch earthquake, 2016 Christchurch earthquake, 1991 Limon earthquake and more. [197] Australia's official delegation included Governor-General Quentin Bryce, Prime Minister Julia Gillard, and Opposition Leader Tony Abbott.[198]. [7] Due to the injuries sustained some bodies remained unidentified. 1.8 times the acceleration of gravity),[22] with the highest recording 2.2g, at Heathcote Valley Primary School,[3] a shaking intensity equivalent to MM X+. [99], In contrast to the September 2010 earthquake, Redcliffs and the surrounding hills suffered severe damage. [257][260] For example, after the Christchurch earthquakes, studies reported that older educated females of European New Zealand descent were over represented in their sample population,[257][260] which isn't accurate of the Christchurch population as a whole. Privacy Policy | Sitemap | Website by Kiwi Web Works. Wanaka Primary School alone had received 115 new enrolments as Christchurch families moved to their holiday homes in the town.[212]. The station collapsed on 13 June 2011 after a magnitude 6.0 aftershock. The earthquake destroyed the ChristChurch Cathedral's spire and part of its tower, and severely damaged the structure of the remaining building. Over the course of a week, LandSAR teams visited 67,000 premises. [260][261][262] Self-report can introduce bias to results, leading to skewed data. June 13, 2011 08:51 BST Two powerful aftershocks have hit the New Zealand city of Christchurch, less than four months after an earthquake that killed 181 people. [255], The Christchurch earthquake of 2011 had widespread mental health effects on the population. Researching the mental health effects of earthquakes and other disasters is important so communities can heal properly after experiencing a traumatic event. Studying earthquakes has shown to be a difficult task when considering all the limitations created by natural disasters. [174] The earthquake … [125], Gerry Brownlee, a Cabinet Minister, had his regular portfolios distributed amongst other cabinet ministers so that he could focus solely on earthquake recovery.[126]. Impact of average household income and damage exposure on post-earthquake distress and functioning, A community study following the February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. In April 2013 the Government estimated the total cost of the rebuild would be as much as $40 billion, up from an earlier estimate of $30 billion. [120] The New Zealand Red Cross launched an appeal to raise funds to help victims. The quarter final matches were moved to Auckland. Perceptions of distress and positive consequences following exposure to a major disaster amongst a well-studied cohort. ... We will be doing everything we can to work with our New Zealand family, with Prime Minister Key and his emergency services personnel, his military officers, his medical people, his search and rescue teams. [49] In the central city, two buses were crushed by falling buildings. This was the second major earthquake to hit the city; the previous quake occurred on 4 September 2010 and registered at a 7.1 magnitude. [204] While emergency repairs were performed on damaged houses by Fletcher Construction, rebuilding would be delayed by the need for full land assessments, with the possibility that some of the worst-affected areas in the eastern suburbs might need to be abandoned due to land depression and severe liquefaction, with the residents offered relocation to new subdivisions under their EQC insurance policies. Impacts of Christchurch Earthquake In total, the 'rehabilitation' costs $15.1 billion dollars worth of damage, Many businesses needed to fire employees due to the heavy re-building fee. [194] Prince William, made a two-day trip to the country to tour the areas affected by the earthquake,[195] attended on the Queen's behalf and made an address during the service. [138][139] [159], The 66 kV subtransmission cables supplying Dallington and New Brighton zone substations from Transpower's Bromley substation were damaged beyond repair, which necessitated the erection of temporary 66 kV overhead lines from Bromley to Dallington and Bromley to New Brighton to get power into the eastern suburbs. It was followed by a large aftershock on 13 June (which caused considerable additional damage) and a series of large shocks on 23 December 2011. Approximately 450 fully serviced mobile homes would be located on sites across the city including Canterbury Agricultural Park and Riccarton Racecourse. Large rocks crumbled from the Sumner/Port Hills and another 70+ buildings were damaged in the Christchurch CBD. [81] Both Our City and the Civic are on the register of Heritage New Zealand. The cliff behind Redcliffs School collapsed onto the houses below. "[19], While both the 2010 and 2011 earthquakes occurred on "blind" or unknown faults, New Zealand's Earthquake Commission had, in a 1991 report, predicted moderate earthquakes in Canterbury with the likelihood of associated liquefaction. Trajectories of posttraumatic growth and depreciation after two major earthquakes. The Australian Government also pledged A$5 million (NZ$6.7 million[175]) to the Red Cross Appeal. Police media releases relating to the Christchurch earthquake of Tuesday February 22, 2011. [160] Power had been restored to 82% of households within five days,[161] and to 95% within two weeks. [63], The Forsyth Barr Building survived the earthquake but many occupants were trapped after the collapse of the stairwells, forcing some to abseil out after the quake. [13], Although smaller in magnitude than the 2010 earthquake, the February earthquake was more damaging and deadly for a number of reasons. The epicentre was closer to Christchurch, and shallower at 5 kilometres (3 mi) underground, whereas the September quake was measured at 10 kilometres (6 mi) deep. [149] They were supplemented by 116 soldiers from the Singapore Army, in Christchurch for a training exercise at the time of the earthquake, who assisted in the cordon of the city. [14][15] The peak ground acceleration (PGA) was extremely high, and simultaneous vertical and horizontal ground movement was "almost impossible" for buildings to survive intact. The earthquake was followed by several smaller shocks, and then at 2:20pm a huge 6.3 earthquake rocked Christchurch City. [105], At the Tasman Glacier some 200 kilometres (120 miles) from the epicentre, around 30 million tonnes (33 million ST) of ice tumbled off the glacier into Tasman Lake, hitting tour boats with tsunami waves 3.5 metres (11 ft) high. On 23 February, Hotel Grand Chancellor, Christchurch's tallest hotel, was reported to be on the verge of collapse. These areas were placed into a residential red zone. Fergusson, D.M., Horwood, J., Boden, J.M., & Mulder, R.T. (2014). Christchurch Mayor Bob Parker and Canterbury Police District Commander Superintendent Dave Cliff during a media conference about the June 13 aftershocks. After a downturn in demand, a second wave of patients started arriving, many with much more severe injuries. One elderly man has died as a result of this earthquake. [166][167] Mains water supply was re-established to 70% of households within one week. 2011) and the preliminary result for the M w 6.0 June aftershock (Beavan, pers. (2015). Christchurch Hospital was evacuated due to damage in some areas, but soon reopened to treat the injured. With extra passenger and freight movements over Cook Strait following the earthquake, the company would have been unable to cope with just two ships operating on a reduced schedule so soon after the earthquake, so pushed back the departure to the end of April. [262] The damage on a community can lead members to engage in pro-social behaviors[262] which are driven by empathy and desire to support others who have endured a similar traumatizing experience. Initial reports by GNS Science suggested that ground motion "considerably exceeded even 2500-year design motions",[32] beyond maximum considered events (MCE). The September quake had occurred in the early hours of the morning with family generally close at hand. The International Rugby Board and the New Zealand Rugby World Cup organisers announced in March 2011 that the city would be unable to host the World Cup matches. [179], Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper released a statement saying: "The thoughts and prayers of Canadians are with all those affected by the earthquake. [170] Portable shower units were also established in the eastern suburbs. [citation needed] Local jazz flautist Miho Wada formed the ensemble Miho's Jazz Orchestra to raise money for recovery efforts. [224][225] The Super Rugby Round 2 match between the Crusaders and Hurricanes scheduled for 26 February 2011 at Westpac Stadium in Wellington was abandoned. Government expressed its concern over the stalemate and appointed an independent negotiator and in September 2017, the Christchurch Diocesan Synod announced that ChristChurch Cathedral will be reinstated[67] after promises of extra grants and loans from local and central government. Time-lapse visualisation of the June 13 2011 earthquake and its aftershocks in Christchurch and Canterbury, New Zealand. EQC chief executive Ian Simpson said that the $4 billion cap for each earthquake is unlikely to be exceeded by the costs of residential building and land repairs, so $3 billion would be left in the EQC's Natural Disaster Fund after payouts. [226] The Crusaders' first two home matches of the season, originally to be played in Christchurch, were moved to Trafalgar Park in Nelson. CDEM were supported by local authorities, New Zealand Police, Fire Service, Defence Force and many other agencies and organisations. Map showing recent earthquake activity in and around Christchurch, New Zealand. [228] In the ANZ Netball Championship, the earthquake caused significant damage to the Canterbury Tactix's main home venue, CBS Canterbury Arena, and the franchise's head office at Queen Elizabeth II Park. His advice was that the 2011 earthquake was a "new event" and that EQC's reinsurance cover was already in place after the previous 2010 event. The west wall suffered collapses in the June 2011 earthquake and the December 2011 quake[66] due to a steel structure – intended to stabilise the rose window – pushing it in. [92] The town's historic Timeball Station was extensively damaged, adding to damage from the preceding earthquake in September 2010. [227] The Crusaders played their entire home schedule away from Christchurch,. [147] Over 1400 Army, Navy and Air Force personnel were involved,[148] and Territorials (Army Reserve) were called up. On Wednesday morning, 22 hours after the quake, a survivor was pulled from the rubble. [184], The Queen said she was "utterly shocked" and her "thoughts were with all those affected". The EQC further limits its own risk by taking out cover with a number of large reinsurance companies, for example Munich Re. [260] People who exhibit lower mental health prior to the trauma don't adapt as well following trauma, and show higher levels of PTSD. The increased liquefaction caused significant ground movement, undermining many foundations and destroying infrastructure, damage which "may be the greatest ever recorded anywhere in a modern city". It also covers land damage within 8 metres of a home; this coverage is uncapped. On 22 February 2011, a 6.3 magnitude earthquake struck Christchurch shortly before 12:50pm at a shallow depth of four kilometres. [108], The earthquake combined with the urgency created by the unseasonably early break-up of sea ice on the Ross Ice Shelf caused logistical problems with the return of Antarctic summer season research operations from Scott Base and McMurdo Station in Antarctica to Christchurch. [253], A KPMG survey in March 2013 suggested as much as $1.5 billion could be sucked from the rebuild in fraud. On 6 June, a large aftershock measuring 5.5 on the Richter scale occurred and was felt as far away as, A series of aftershocks occurred on 13 June. It was about 5 km underground. 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