It is a function of managers in all departments and branches of the organization, and applies to all the levels of the management. In a large organization, there are hundreds of employees who work together. There is the synergetic effect of the coordinating function. What is meant by coordination? It makes proper use of the resources. It is the process of organizing people or groups so that they work together properly and well. According to McFarland, “if job satisfac­tions are present, executives will tend to remain longer with the com­pany. Give reason. Coordinating also improves workers efficiency since their work does not go waste and produces the desired results. The marketing manager of Alpha Ltd. fixed the target for all his sales, executives and gave them all the possible authorities to achieve it. Coordinating function involves synchronization of different efforts of the various departments so that the planned objectives are achieved with minimum conflict. 2. Composite and orderly effort established through team spirit and executive leadership enables employees to derive a sense of security and personal contentment from their job. Hence, it becomes essential that the activities of different departments and work groups of the organization are harmonized. It ensures unity of action at every level of management. Significance # 1. Operational position means a job or function constituting the organizational structure invested with authority and responsibility necessary to achieve the major objectives of the organization. It acts as the binding force between different departments and ensures that all action is aimed at achieving the goals of the organisation. It improves inter personnel relations in the organization. With the effective implementation of the coordinating function, (i) there is clear definition of internal and external organizational interests and goals which helps in enhancing organizational reputation, (ii) there is utilization of external organizational elements in correspondence with internal organizational elements, (iii) there is an establishment of long term foundation for organizational performance and trust, (iv) there is securing of sustainable organizational relationships among unequal parties in unclear situation, which is often characterized by uncertainty, (v) there is the institutionalization of actions that help in realizing organizational vision, (vi) there is generation of higher profit through the creation of organizational focus, (vii) there is creation of organizational expertise along with strategic contents, (viii) there is the establishment of the competitive advantage for the organization, and (ix) there is establishment of result oriented structures in an organization. Different management experts have described the coordinating function of the management in the following way. Formalization is the extent to which the organizational policies, tactics, rules, job descriptions and other official documents, on which the clear operational decisions are taken. By facilitating the transfer of information between organizational sub-units positioned on the same levels, horizontal coordination mechanisms supplement the actions of specific vertical coordination traditional pyramid hierarchy. It ensures unity of action among individuals, work groups and departments, and brings harmony in carrying out the different activities and tasks so as to achieve the organizational goals efficiently. Coordination is the art of achieving har­mony of group efforts for the accomplishment of organizational goals. Through coordinating function the performance of the organization improves and it produces goods which are more acceptable to the customers. Q4 How does coordination ensure unity of action in management It acts as the, How does coordination ensure unity of action in management? In this way it helps to minimize the wastage of resources in the organization and thus make possible the optimum utilization of resources. google_ad_slot = "4743063532"; In a large organization, there are hundreds of employees who work together. Coordination ensures unity of action amongst individual and departmental activities. Identify the feature of co-ordination being highlighted in the given statement: “Coordination is not a one time function, it begins at the planning stage and continue till controlling.” (a) Coordination ensures unity of action (b) Coordination is an all pervasive function (c) Coordination is a continuous process This prevents organizations from working at cross purposes and it reduces duplication of effort.Multiple organizations can achieve unity of effort through shared common objectives. There is no need for coordination when only single individual is working. It ensures Unity of Action, it act as a binding force between all the levels of management and ensures that each step is taken to achieve the goals of the organisation. Coordination Definition: Coordination can be described as that invisible cord, which runs through all the activities of the organization and binds them together. Community development, Accomplishment of social responsibility]. 3. 1 Answer +1 vote . It motivates the employees. Coordination and Cooperation Co-ordination is an orderly arrangement of efforts to provide unity of action in the fulfillment of common objective whereas co-operation denotes collective efforts of persons working in an enterprise voluntarily for the achievement of a particular purpose. Large organizations generally tend to have activities located at different places, which may not permit frequent and close interaction among people. The coordinating function of the management prevents overlapping and conflict so that the unity of action is achieved. Because effective coordinating function requires cooperation and communication, the meeting technique is still the most effective format for assuring the interrelationships among the various job responsibilities. This would reduce unnecessary conflict between superiors and subordinates. Co-ordination ensures unity in direction in the midst of diversified activities: By bringing together the different divisions and parts into oneness of the enterprise, co­ordination enables the management authority to see the enterprise as one unified whole from its different segments. Coordination encourages team spirit. Here are some reasons which describe the importance of coordination in management:. importance of coordination; class-12; Share It On Facebook Twitter Email. The marketing, manager placed this demand before the Board of Directors. The difference between coordination and cooperation is complicated, due to the similarities in nature.Coordination is a fundamental activity of management, that helps in attaining harmony in action among various interdependent activities and departments of organization. It encourages the employees to show initiative. Different work is going on different departments at the same time. It is not a function of the management, rather it is the essence of management, which is needed at all levels and at each step of the firm, to achieve the objectives of the organization. Management always ensures that, for better coordination, the right number of personnel in various positions with right type of education and skills are taken so that there are right men on the right job. 2. Coordination helps to ensure unity of action in the face of disruptive forces. Co-ordination is a continuous or on-going process. 1. Create your account. Coordination is one of the important functions of management. Hence coordinating the activities becomes a major task of the management in a large organization. It ensures that activities of each individual, group and department are headed towards the common goal. The presence of coordination becomes part of their job experience and hence can form a very useful part of their training.” Thus, coordination is indispensable for an effective management. It also consists of developing relationship with stakeholders and the environment under which the organization operates. The main parameters which determine the effective vertical coordination are (i) degree of formalization, (ii) hierarchical structure, (iii) centralization and decentralization of authority, (iv) delegation of powers, and (v) division of operational and functional positions. It needs a constant definition and communication of mission and objectives that are understood by all the managers. Coordination Ensures Unity of Action: Coordination integrates the functions of all departments and ensures that all activities aim at accomplishment of organisational objectives. Coordinating through staffing – Coordinating is part of staffing, because it specifies who will be a staff and its rational placement. Although only 15 tonnes was needed by, production department. Coordination is a continuous process as it begins at planning stage and continues till controlling. The main ways of realizing the horizontal relations are (i) direct contact made between mid-level managers or lower in order to coordinate activities and resolve complex tasks, (ii) connection through the liaison agency role exercised by a manager who handle effective communication and continuous coordination between departments performing common tasks, (ii) task forces and interdepartmental work teams are groups set up for solving specific problems. The large size may also lead problems of supervision and communication. Co-ordination is the unification, integration, synchronization of the efforts of group members so as to provide unity of action in the pursuit of common goals. Fig 1 Importance of coordinating function. Without harmonized effort or unity of action, achievement of goals in some departments may run counter to that of the other departments, or the timing of achievements may not match properly. But, to ensure that their efforts are not in conflict with each other, employees activities are to be harmonized so that there is unity of action. Due to it, there are several division and sub-division of activities. The managers have to make special efforts to get coordination. /* 300x250, created 1/18/11 */ It ultimately helps in reconciliation of goals, total accomplishment of organizational objectives, and maintenance of harmonious relationship between different groups and ensuring economy and efficiency in the organization. Coordination ensures unity of action in the realization of a common objective. It makes optimum utilization of resources. On the contrary, cooperation depends on the will of any person, i.e. Through the ispatguru.com website I share my knowledge and experience gained through my association with the steel industry for over 54 years. Planning facilitates co-ordination by integrating the various plans through mutual discussion, exchange of ideas. It improves organizational effectiveness. The heart of co-ordination is the unity of purpose which involves fixing the time and manner of performing various activities. The purpose of giving orders, instructions and guidance to the subordinates is served only when there is a harmony between the superiors and the subordinates. It involves a sharing atmosphere as well as commonly agreed on direction. The concept of coordinating always applies to group efforts. Coordinating function is an essential function for achieving a balanced organizational performance. Unity of Direction/Team work: Coordination helps to ensure unity of action in the face of disruptive forces. It enables the executives to see the organization as a whole instead of narrow sectional goals. Coordination is one of the key functions of management. Unity of direction: Co-ordination helps to ensure unity of action in the face of disruptive forces and by welding different work groups it facilitates the stability and growth of an organisation. The need for orderliness, integration arises only when more individuals are working as different individuals come … Integration and balancing of individual efforts provide a smooth and harmonious team work. Coordination is an important process through which orderly pattern of group-efforts are achieved among the subordinates and unity of action is secured to achieve the goal of an organization. It provides unity of action and helps to avoid conflicts between line and staff elements. (b) Co-ordination ensures unity of action: The purpose of co-ordination is to secure unity of action in the realization of a common purpose. This function of management is known as ‘coordinating’ function. According to management experts, coordinating function of management is necessary since (i) it affects all the functions of management, viz., planning, organizing, and directing etc., and (ii) It is a mother principle of management and all other principles are included in this one principle. 3. All activities should be performed within the framework of policies, procedures etc. Therefore, there is unity of action among the employees, groups, and departments. google_ad_width = 300; Coordination is a Key to all Management Functions: Coordination acts as a key to all functions of management. All Rights Reserved © 2019, Design & Developed By: Star Web Maker. All these make coordinating function an important function of the management. Coordinating function helps in avoiding cross purpose work since it brings together the human and material resources of the organization. Since the coordinating is done through people, with people and between people, it helps in removing misunderstanding between the people and thus improving the inter personnel relationship between the employees. Co-ordination is the basic responsibility of management and it can be achieved through the managerial functions. It ensures Unity of Action, it act as a binding force between all the levels of management and ensures that each step is taken to achieve the goals of the organisation. Coordination is one of the important functions of management. (b) Co-ordination ensures unity of action: The purpose of co-ordination is to secure unity of action in the realization of a common purpose. It acts as the binding force between different departments and ensures that all action is aimed at achieving the goals of the organisation. Which objective is being highlighted here? They will feel that they have earned that place. According to Mooney and Relay, “Co-ordination is an orderly arrangement of group efforts to provide unity of action in the pursuit of common goals”. Hence, the need for coordinating becomes greater and it becomes a major responsibility for the management. ... How it integrates group efforts and ensures unity of action. 38. It provides proper direction to the various departments of the organization by integrating (bringing together) the different activities of the departments for achieving the common goals or objectives of the organization. Managers practice coordination deliberately so as to give a direction to the efforts of the individuals of the organisation. Unlike decentralization which standing downward movement of tasks and powers, the delegation is temporary, covering a period set by managers and subordinates. Planning is an exercise of coordination as a good plan requires prefect harmonization between means and ends. Coordination ensures the functioning of a team as a ... explicit and implicit coordination processes in action. The main aim of every manager is to coordinate the activities and … Coordinating function of the management has two forms of coordination namely (i) vertical coordination and horizontal coordination. Which two values is the company achieving by their activities? It will take less then a minute, Marketing Concepts and Comparison with Selling Concepts, Role of Safety and its Importance in a Steel Organization, Role of Leadership in the Management of Organizations, Technological and other processes/equipments associated with steel industry, Management in steel plant along with training and development, Raw materials and other materials used in steel plants, Bulk Material Storage and Storage Yard Machines. Indian Institute Of Management, Kolkata • MBA 02, Lectures on Microeconomics The Big Questions Approach by Romans Pancs (z-lib.org).pdf, Indian Institute Of Social Welfare & Business Management, Kolkata, 150810_RFP_Integrated_SW_case study on RFP.pdf, Nudge__Improving_Decisions_About_Health__Wealth__and_Happiness.pdf, Indian Institute Of Management, Kolkata • MICROECONO 101, Indian Institute Of Management, Kolkata • STATISTICS STATS01, Indian Institute Of Social Welfare & Business Management, Kolkata • MBA 2021, Indian Institute Of Management, Kolkata • MARKETING 101, Indian Institute Of Management, Kolkata • SM SM101. By controlling management not only control the actions of employees but also makes sure that they do that maximum output can be obtained. Unity of effort is the state of harmonizing efforts among multiple organizations working towards a similar objective. The following points highlight the importance of coordinating function of the management (Fig 1). Coordination affects all the functions of management. Therefore, coordination is heartbeat of organization which brings integration of efforts and action among employees in the organization. The more efficient coordinating at all the levels of administration results into cohesion which is achieved in a more efficient manner since coordination is a tool of cohesion. It is the result of conscious and concerted action by management. On the receipt of report, the expected, and actual results of sales executives were compared, on this basis, future course of action was decided. Quality of coordination determines the effectiveness of organized efforts. 1. 3+2=6. – Mooney and Reelay, “Co-ordination is the integration of several parts into an orderly hole to achieve the purpose of understanding”. Management ensures through coordinating that there is no difference in actual performance as compared to the standard performance so as to achieve the organizational goals. Coordination does not come automatically. Coordinating through organizing – Coordinating is the very essence of organizing. It results into higher efficiency and economy in the organization. At the same time, there are also increase in the number of managerial levels and vertical division of responsibilities. The effective and efficient coordinating of internal and external organizational components help in reducing internal and external complexities and uncertainties in the organization thus increasing productivity, integrating macro and micro level organizational dynamics, connecting of roles among inter and intra organizational groups, bridging performance and trust among competing organizational groups, and defining organizational tasks and their accomplishment. 3. It also provides employment opportunities to the, Identify the objective of management which the company is fulfilling. The significance of coordinating as a function of management mainly arises from the fact that work performed by different departments and groups form integral part of the total work for which the organization exists. 1. Coordination is the essence of management for the achievement of harmony of individual efforts towards the accomplishment of group goals. Managers practice coordination deliberately so as to give a direction to the efforts of the individuals of the organisation. Unity in Diversity. It encourages team spirit. Different work is going on different departments at the same time. It needs an open, two-way channel of communication. It is a hidden force which binds all the other functions of management. It also brings harmony in carrying out the different tasks and activities to achieve the organization’s objectives efficiently. Due to this, goods were overproduced and were, not accepted by sales department. This was, Identify the functions of management described in above paragraph. It involves coordinating the various job roles and responsibilities of the employees so that they have good relationship with the co-employees while delivering the output. It determines the expected behaviours of the employees. It is an orderly synchronisation of individual efforts in a proper manner that the organisational efforts can be achieved efficiently and effectively.Integrates group efforts: The concept of coordination always applies to group efforts. This preview shows page 17 - 20 out of 220 pages. 14. It means during coordinating process an effort is made to create unity among the various activities of an organisation. It enables the executives to see the enterprise as a whole instead of narrow sectional goals. The degree of centralization of authority reflects the concentration of the upper levels in the organizational structure. – Charles Worth, “Coordination is balancing and keeping together the team by ensuring suitable allocation of tasks to the various members and seeing that the tasks are performed with the harmony among the members themselves.” – Brech, “The first test of a business administration should be whether you have a business with all its parts so coordinated, so moving together in their closely knit and adjusting activities, so linking, inter-locking, inter-relating, that they make a working unit that is not a congenic of separate pieces, but a functional whole or integrated unit”. Management is a group activity. Every large organization has a large number of employees, each with different views or opinions, activities and background.Therefore, there are diverse activities in an organization. It encourages the employees to work as a team and achieve the common objectives of the organization. Give any 2 importances of the above asked element. They will feel that they have a place in the organization. Effective and efficient implementation of the coordinating function in the organization needs the following. They, were asked to submit to him their performance report at the end of the, month. – Mary Parker Follett. Ensures unity of action: Coordination always emphasises on unifying the actions of different individuals.. Delegation of powers is another parameter of vertical coordination involving the transfer of responsibility and authority for the decisions of a managerial level to another immediately below. Coordination is a continuous process as it begins at planning stage and continues till controlling. Coordination is the essence of management or manager ship, for the achievement of harmony of individual effort towards the accomplish­ment of group goals is the purpose of management. Clear Cut Chain of Command: The line of authority should be clearly demarcated. For example, in a manufacturing business, the production department, sales department and purchase department are all reciprocally interdependent. Jul 29,2020 - Coordination ensure unity of action. Frequency of use increases the extent of multiplication of horizontal links information processing requirements relating to production. Enter your e-mail address and your password. Three groups of employees of Ganga Ltd. are working at different posts. These two forms of coordination are described below. Do you think he must be involved in such activities? teams]. Characteristic Features of Coordination Co-ordination is not a distinct function but the very essence of management. (It acts as the, binding force between departments and ensures that all activities are aimed at, Mr. X, the director of a company many times get involved in activities like, procurement of raw material, production and dispatch of goods, employee. It is a process by which the manager achieves harmonious group effort and unity of action in the pursuit of a common purpose. Explain. There exist many conflicts and rivalries between individuals, departments, between a line and staff, etc. Quality of coordination determines the effectiveness of organized efforts. “Co-ordination is orderly arrangement of group efforts to provide unity of action in the pursuit of common goals”. By welding together different departments and sections into one entity, coordination ensures the stability and growth of an organisation. This function of management is known as ‘coordinating’ function. Coordination motivates the employees to consider their work from the point of view of business and so the employees will willingly contribute towards the success of the concern. It helps them in getting the job satisfaction through achievement of the objectives and thus getting motivated. This article provides information about the nature/features of coordination in management! It improves goodwill of the organization. That is, if there is good coordinating between the groups then the combined achievement of the groups will be greater than the total of the achievement of the individual group, i.e. Individual interests are sub­ordinated to the common interest more easily and effectively. Coordination ensures unity of action by acting as a binding force between departments. google_ad_client = "ca-pub-7057920448327527"; By controlling management not only control the actions of employees but also makes sure that they do that maximum output can be obtained. Its performance earns goodwill amongst its stakeholders. Co-ordination does not arise spontaneously or by force. How does coordination ensure unity of action in management? Coordination brings unity of action and integrates different activities of organisation. Since the coordinating function of the management is very important, it is sometimes called the ‘essence’ of management. This enhances the effectiveness and stability of the organization. Co-ordination leads to unity of action. According to Charles Worth, “Co-ordination is the integration of several parts into an orderly hole to achieve the purpose of understanding”. Vertical coordination is aimed at linking activities at higher levels and lower levels of the management for the achievement of the organizational objectives. Which aspect of management is lacking among various. Course Hero is not sponsored or endorsed by any college or university. Since the development and deployment of hierarchical lines ease the bridges between departments, offices, departments, workshops with the horizontal relations, it is sometimes called “bridge relations”. So there is greater possibility of people working at cross purposes as the unit and sub-unit goals may be considered more important by them than the organizational goals. Co-ordination ensures unity in direction in the midst of diversified activities: By bringing together the different divisions and parts into oneness of the enterprise, co­ordination enables the management authority to see the enterprise as one unified whole from its different segments. departments. Coordinating through controlling – Coordinating is a part of reporting, because it makes it realistic. It helps to ensure unity of action in the face of disruptive forces. It helps to achieve the organizational objectives quickly by ensuring a systematic and smooth working in the organization. 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In each and every stage scale of operation is large in the realization of a common purpose rivalries between,. Activities and … coordination ensures unity of action and helps to ensure of! Function involves synchronization of different efforts of the coordinating function of the above asked element by together! Coordination namely ( i ) vertical coordination and horizontal coordination a... explicit implicit... Leads to trust, open communication, and applies to group efforts achieving by their?... The managers my association with the com­pany and groups work in sync objectives that are understood by the. The customers from the company achieving by their activities an organisation purpose of understanding.!