Any one that reads the Psalm would think that the psalmist doth but set forth old Adam in his kingdom, in his paradise, made a little lower than the angels -- for we have spirits wrapped up in flesh and blood, whereas they are spirits simply -- a degree lower, as if they were dukes, and we marquises; one would think, I say, that this were all his meaning, and that it is applied to Christ but by way of allusion. 1 For the leader; “upon the gittith.” * A psalm of David. (Read Psalm 8:1,2) The psalmist seeks to give unto God the glory due to his name. Borrow the wings of the morning and fly to the uttermost parts of the sea, but God is there. He is ours, for he made us, protects us, and takes special care of us. Study the bible online using commentary on Psalm 8:2 and more! and the peoples conspire in vain? Proud member Now, consider but the scope of the Psalm, as the apostle quoteth it to prove the world to come. "To the Chief Musician upon Gittith, a Psalm of David." And with this his glory above the heavens is connected, his sending forth his name upon earth through his Holy Spirit. Some think it refers to Gath, and may refer to a tune commonly sung there, or an instrument of music there invented, or a song of Obededom the Gittite, in whose house the ark rested, or, better still, a song sung over Goliath of Gath. The very name of Jehovah is excellent, what must his person be. Some think that it is meant as an objection that the apostle answereth; but it is indeed to prove that man fallen cannot be meant in Psalms 8:1-9 . Whole Psalm. What is the son of man, that you care for him? PSALM 8:1-2. who hast set thy glory above the heavens." how awesome is your name through all the earth! In this case, the author is David, and he’s reflecting on nature. So Christ is the principal subject of this Psalm, and it is interpreted of him, both by our Lord himself ( Matthew 21:16 ), and by his holy apostle ( 1 Corinthians 15:27 Hebrews 2:6-7 ). There were no babes in the time of Adam's innocency, he fell before there were any.  (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2006-2009), VanGemeren, Willem A. Psalm 8 – The Glory of God in Creation. and Kahane, Ahuvia, The Oxford English-Hebrew Dictionary (Oxford University Press, 1998), Fohrer, Georg, Hebrew & Aramaic Dictionary of the Old Testament (SCM Press, 2012), Freedman, David Noel (ed. Adam Clarke. Both mean small children but the first denotes those who are somewhat the older of … ), The New Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, 5 vol. “On an instrument of Gath” (Hebrew: gittit). Title. We may style this Psalm the Song of the Astronomer: let us go abroad and sing it beneath the starry heavens at eventide, for it is very probable that in such a position, it first occurred to the poet's mind. 2 s Out of the mouth of babies and infants, you have established t strength because of your foes, to still u the enemy and the avenger. Above the heavens; not in the heavens, but above the heavens; even greater, beyond, and higher than they; "angels, principalities, and powers, being made subject unto him." ), The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary, 6 vol. The believing heart is ravished with what it sees, but God only knows the glory of God. The psalmist uses these two Hebrew words (‘enos and ‘adam) more for poetic symmetry than for different shades of meaning.  A favorite Hebrew poetic form is called parallelism, which is used here and throughout the psalms.  In parallelism, two lines (occasionally more than two) repeat the same idea in different words.  That is what is happening here. To try to comment on verse 1 is kind of like commenting on the splendor of the Grand Canyon. Where are words With which my glowing tongue may speak his name? Second paragraph 3. 4 (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1996), Ross, Allen P., A Commentary on the Psalms, 1-41, Vol. So, as in the days of the psalmist, while the people who pledge allegiance to Yahweh constitute a decided minority, nevertheless people in all the earth can see the majesty of the Lord revealed in every facet of creation––if they will permit the Lord to cause the scales to drop from their eyes so that they might see. In all the earth. And indeed, and in truth, Christ himself interprets the Psalm of himself; you have two witnesses to confirm it, Christ himself and the apostle. The term Gittith is applied to two other ( Psalms 81:1-16 Psalms 84:1-12 ) both of which, being of a joyous character, it may be concluded, that where we find that word in the title, we may look for a hymn of delight. We feel withdrawn from the earth, and rise in lofty abstraction from this little theatre of human passions and human anxieties. It sees nature in the simplicity of her great elements, and it sees the God of nature invested with the high attributes of wisdom and majesty.". Psalm 8:1-2 King James Version (KJV) 8 O Lord , our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth! WORD AND PHRASE STUDY. You just need to get out of the way and let people see it! The universal revelation of God in nature and its excellency. How bright this glory shines even in this lower world! he will in no way enter into it.” (10:14-15). We can scarcely find more fitting words than those of Nehemiah, "Thou, even thou, art Lord alone; thou hast made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, and all things that are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, and thou preservest them all; and the host of heaven worshippeth thee." For the Chief Musician (Hebrew: menasseah from nasah); on an instrument of Gath (Hebrew: gittit). But the truth is, the apostle bringeth it in to prove and to convince these Hebrews, to whom he wrote, that that Psalm was meant of Christ, of that man whom they expected to be the Messiah, the Man Christ Jesus. 14a (Downers Grove, Illinois:  Inter-Varsity Press, 1973), Limburg, James, Westminster Bible Companion: Psalms (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2000, Mays, James Luther, Interpretation: Psalms (Louisville: John Knox, 1994), McCann, J. Clinton, Jr., The New Interpreter’s Bible: The Book of Psalms, Vol. Third paragraph 4. How bright this glory shines even in this lower world! The arrangement of the psalms into five books goes back at least to the time when the Hebrew Scriptures were translated into Greek (the Septuagint) approximately 200 B.C. I will sing of your majesty above the heavens. The snow crowned summits fail to set Him forth, Who dwelleth in Eternity, and bears Alone, the name of High and Lofty One. “Yahweh, our Lord, how majestic is your name (Hebrew: sem) in all the earth, who has set your glory above the heavens!” (v. 1).  The noun sem means name or fame.  In this instance, reputation would be a good translation.  In that culture, as today, a person’s name referred to the essential character of the person––in this case, Yahweh. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. The excellence of the name and nature of God in all places, and under all circumstances. yes, and the animals of the field. The ASV, which is also in the public domain due to expired copyrights, was a very good translation, but included many archaic words (hast, shineth, etc. How excellent, etc. Depths unfathomed are too shallow to express The wisdom and the knowledge of the Lord. This document has been generated from XSL (Extensible Stylesheet Langua ge) source with RenderX XEP Formatter, version 3.7.3 Client Academic. Possibly both may be reconciled and put together, and the controversy if rightly stated, may be ended, for the scope and business of this Psalm seems plainly to be this: to display and celebrate the great love and kindness of God to mankind, not only in his creation, but especially in his redemption by Jesus Christ, whom, as he was man, he advanced to the honour and dominion here mentioned, that he might carry on his great and glorious work. Why? We may then consider this interesting composition as a prophetic anticipation of the kingdom of Christ, to be established in glory and honour in the "world to come," the habitable world. Psalm 16 2 Commentary; Psalm 16 11 Meaning; Psalm 17 Commentary. “From the lips of babes and infants you have established strength, because of your adversaries, that you might silence the enemy and the avenger” (v. 2).  Yahweh has established strength through the agency of people with no power––babes and infants.  Infusing them with strength, he uses them to silence enemies and those who seek revenge. The Psalmist gives vent to his admiration of God‘s manifested perfections, by celebrating His condescending and beneficent providence to man as evinced by the position of the race, as originally created and assigned a dominion over the works of His hands. O LORD our Lord, how excellent is thy name in all the earth! (General Editor), New International Dictionary of Old Testament Theology & Exegesis, 5 vol., (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1997). 8:1): Concerning a nation [Edom] that is destined to be trodden like a winepress, as it is written (in Isaiah 63:3): “A winepress I trod alone.” However, the contents of the psalm do not indicate it. Sermon or lecture upon the glory of God in creation and providence. ), which the WEB has updated. As Paul says, he hath "ascended up far above all heavens." The affirmation that Yahweh has crowned humankind with glory and honor further confirms that the correct translation for verse 5a (above) is “For you have made him a little lower than God”––not “a little lower than the angels.”. how majestic is your name in all the earth! Thomas Goodwin. Acts 8:1-3. All the Psalms to which this term is prefixed [Psalm 8:1; Psalm 81:1; Psalm 84:1] are of such a character. who hast set thy glory above the heavens. "The exclamation that begins and ends this Psalm, enclosing it as a jewel in a setting, determines its theme as being neither the nightly heaven with its moon and stars, nor the dignity of man, but the Name of the Lord a proclaimed by both." The starry heavens stretched before David showcase … To make this plain to you, that that Psalm where the phrase is used, "All things under his feet," and quoted by the apostle in Ephesians 1:22 -- therefore it is proper -- was not meant of man in innocency, but of the Messiah, the Lord Jesus Christ; and therefore, answerably, that the world there is not this world, but a world on purpose made for this Messiah, as the other was for Adam. How illustrious is the name of Jesus throughout the world! 3 When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, Above the heavens. Second, this psalm is the only hymn in the Psalter spoken entirely to God. The miracles of his power await us on all sides. (Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1979-1988), Brown, Francis; Driver, S.R. F3. “Allow the little children to come to me! Psalm 8:1-4. I do encourage you to write your own verse by verse notes and questions before reading the notes and questions below. The ancient Jewish interpreters so understood this Psalm, and apply it to the mystic vintage. Now, consider but the scope of the Psalm, as the apostle quotes it to prove the world to come. You have set your glory(B) in the heavens. John Calvin - Psalm 8:1-2 Commentary - January 11th - YouTube In the use of this Psalm, then, we anticipate that victory, and in the praise we thus celebrate, we go on from strength to strength, till, with him who is our glorious Head, we appear in Zion before God. Diemarturato hath testified; so we may translate it, hath testified it, etiam atque etiam, testified most expressly; he bringeth an express proof for it that it was meant of the Man Christ Jesus; therefore it is not an allusion. But take an argument the apostle himself useth to prove it. The title of this psalm reads, To the Chief Musician. You have set your r glory above the heavens. Title. The International Bible Lesson (Uniform Series ) for Sunday, October 3, 2010 , is from Psalm 8:1-9. [2] Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings hast thou ordained strength because of thine enemies, that thou mightest still the enemy and the avenger. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Then he saith, "How excellent is thy name in all the earth! no words can express that excellency; and therefore it is left as a note of exclamation. This could not be Adam, is could not be the man that had this world in a state of innocency; much less had Adam all under his feet. Amen. Even avalanche and thunder lack a voice, To utter the full volume of his praise. “that you care for (Hebrew: paqad) him?” (v. 4b).  The verb paqad (care for) means to pay attention or visit or search out.  Regardless of which meaning we assign to paqad in this verse, Yahweh takes the initiative to interact with humans.  The only explanation for his proactive stance toward humans is that he cares for us––loves us––acts as a loving parent would act:  Guiding, nurturing, rewarding, punishing––always helping us to be all that we can be. Words really can’t do it justice. "But we see," saith he -- mark the opposition -- "but we see Jesus," that Man, "crowned with glory and honour;" therefore it is this Man, and no man else; the opposition implies it...So now it remaineth, then, that it is only Christ, God man, that is meant in Psalms 8:1-9 . They are detached from the world, and they lift us above it. ), Mounce’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words (Grand Rapids:  Zondervan, 2006), Renn, Stephen D., Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words: Word Studies for Key English Bible Words Based on the Hebrew and Greek Texts (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, Inc., 2005), Richards, Lawrence O., Encyclopedia of Bible Words (Zondervan, 1985, 1991), Sakenfeld, Katharine Doob (ed. This last point is worthy of consideration.  Today we live in an increasingly secular world––a world often hostile to those who worship Yahweh, both Jews and Christians.  That is especially true in Communist countries, Islamic nations, and various nations ruled by tyrants who brook no religious system that would impose ethical constraints.  It is true in Europe, where the Christian church was once dominant but is now vestigial (stunted) at best.  In recent years, it has become true in the United States, which once prided itself (wrongly, I must admit) on being a Christian nation, but where increasing numbers of people feel antagonistic to the church. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Psalm 90 INTRODUCTION: Psalm 90 is the first psalm in Book IV of the psalms (Psalms 90-106). You have set your r glory above the heavens. Now the scope of the Psalm is plainly this: in Romans 5:14 , you read that Adam was a type of him that was to come. Mount to the highest heaven, or dive into the deepest hell, and God is in both hymned in everlasting song, or justified in terrible vengeance. Why? PSALM 8 * Divine Majesty and Human Dignity. Note the fact that even the heavens cannot contain his glory, it is set above the heavens, since it is and ever must be too great for the creature to express. who hast set thy glory above the heavens. Romans 8:17-23 . God worketh ever and everywhere. Verse 1. Etc. he overcame Adam presently. David begins with the exclamation, “O Lord, our Lord, how majestic is Your name in all the earth, who have displayed Your sple… and princes plot together. First, it was not meant of man in innocency properly and principally. Psalm 8:1-9 God's Glory Perfectly Revealed in the Son of Man . Some think it refers to Gath, and may refer to a tune commonly sung there, or an instrument of music there invented, or a song of Obededom the Gittite, in whose house the ark rested, or, better still, a song sung over Goliath of Gath. Psalm 15 Commentary; Psalm 16 Commentary. God often chooses unlikely candidates to further his purposes.  He chose: “Allow the little children to come to me! I will keep thy statutes, v. 8. O Jehovah our Lord! ; and Briggs, Charles A., The Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, 1906, 2004), Doniach, N.S. But our Sages said (Mid. 3-4).  The point of these verses is the contrast between the majesty of the God-created heavens with the ordinariness of God-created humans. We are not clear upon the meaning of the word Gittith. 1 Why do the nations protest. Hebrews 2:1-18 . Five Questions for Discussion follow the Bible Lesson Commentary . who hast set thy glory above the heavens. Yon Alps, that lift their heads above the clouds And hold familiar converse with the stars, Are dust, at which the balance trembleth not, Compared with His divine immensity. Traverse the silent valleys where the rocks enclose you on either side, rising like the battlements of heaven till you can see but a strip of the blue sky far overhead; you may be the only traveller who has passed through that glen; the bird may start up affrighted, and the moss may tremble beneath the first tread of human foot; but God is there in a thousand wonders, upholding yon rocky barriers, filling the flowercups with their perfume, and refreshing the lonely pines with the breath of his mouth. and whatever passes through the paths of the seas. No, my brethren, it was too great a vassalage for Adam to have the creatures thus bow to him. Gideon and his little band of soldiers to defeat the Midianite army. You have put all things under his feet” (v. 6).  The word masal means to rule or to exercise dominion. The NRSV translates this “according to the Gittith,” which will mean nothing to most readers––but the Hebrew word gittit or gittith has to do with a musical instrument or a tune. In these examples, the stewards exercised great power, but were answerable to the landlord or the Pharaoh and were expected to manage wisely.  Likewise, Yahweh has appointed us to exercise dominion over the created order, but along with the privilege comes responsibility for wise and caring management. The intermediate verses are made up of holy wonder at the Lord's greatness in creation, and at his condescension towards man. Silent I bow, and humbly I adore. Psalm 8 reveals that those suffering at the hands of evil forces are those made in the image of God and valued highly by their creator. 2. That moon, and these stars, what are they? (C) 2 Through the praise of children and infants. The World English Bible is based on the American Standard Version (ASV) of the Bible, the Biblia Hebraica Stutgartensa Old Testament, and the Greek Majority Text New Testament. Take all the monarchs in the world, they never conquered the whole world; there was never any one man that was a sinner that had all subject to him. And indeed it was Beza that did first begin that interpretation that I read of, and himself therefore doth excuse it and make an apology for it, that he diverts out of the common road, though since many others have followed him. Indeed, the psalm proclaims that humans are God’s agents on earth. Anderson, A.A., The New Century Bible Commentary: Psalms 1-72 (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1972), Broyles, Craig C., New International Biblical Commentary: Psalms (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, 1999, Brueggemann, Walter, The Message of the Psalms A Theological Commentary (Minneapolis: Augsburg Press, 1984), Clifford, Richard J., Abingdon Old Testament Commentaries: Psalms 1-72 (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 2002), Craigie, Peter C., Word Biblical Commentary, Psalms 1-50, Vol. Read full chapter. The word “glory” (kabod) is used in the Bible to speak of God’s glory––an aura associated with God’s appearance that reveals God’s majesty to humans.  The psalmist says that the saints (hasid––those who are kind, merciful, and pious) will proclaim the glory of Yahweh’s kingdom (Psalm 145:11)––a thought that fits nicely with this verse from Psalm 8. Express that excellency ; and therefore it is left as a note of exclamation the final of... 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