The Russian soldiers without insignia (“little green men”) who helped seize Crimea in 2014, and the proxies Russia uses in eastern Ukraine, are most often the focus of Western assessments about how to respond to Russian hybrid war. "The West and Russia both claim hybrid warfare is an approach used by the other side. endstream endobj startxref 0 %%EOF 90 0 obj <>stream �wK+c9�J�7���q}�E���eh�-� �=�^��6C�� The concept covers all forms of assault short of war itself: cyberattacks, targeted propaganda, “little green men” (Russian “volunteers” appearing in Ukraine without insignia), aid to fringe opposition parties, and military threats. The Kremlin’s undertakings are aimed at drawing Serbia away from Western institutions, however, the Serbs are its only ally in the region. Russian military theorists write extensively and openly on general strategies and doctrine for offensive hybrid wars, and additionally discuss the development of individual hybrid means. MOSCOW — The chief of Russia’s armed forces endorsed on Saturday the kind of tactics used by his country to intervene abroad, repeating a philosophy of so-called hybrid war … --Modern War Institute I would argue that something much bigger is at stake. Click here to go to the series homepage. Russian Air Force aircraft in Syria constitute its most important means of influencing that conflict, although it has also deployed Russian Army Military Police and special forces (SPETSNAZ) troops as well. Just think here, by contrast, of the USSR victory against the Third Reich, which has always been a model for the modern thinking of the Soviet Union and later of Russia. Moscow has accused Washington of conducting hybrid warfare against Russia during the colour revolutions. _ 6. Since Russia illegally annexed Crimea in 2014, there has been a lot of discussion in Western policy circles on how to deal with Moscow’s hybrid warfare tactics. Russia also seeks to avoid such wars even as it designs a different way of waging war to achieve its revisionist objectives. Linear conflicts are defined by a sequential progression of a planned strategy by opposing sides, whereas nonlinear conflict is the simultaneous deployment of multiple, complementary military and non-military warfare tactics. Return to the Military Learning & Future of War Homepage. According to widespread belief in the United States and Europe, Vladimir Putin’s Russia has unleashed “hybrid war” against the West. The United States should take several actions to support this revision of its strategy and approach to Russia. Russia sees hybrid wars as the main line of future military development, rather than a temporary phenomenon. Indeed, in the disordered post-Cold War world, hybrid warfare remains an excellent framework for understanding the changing character of war. The Russian military maintains theoretical space for the idea of a traditional conventional war and does not assert that all conflicts are now inherently hybrid. 1400 16th Street NW, Suite 515 Washington, DC 20036. %PDF-1.6 %���� Western countries have been waking up to the aggressive methods Russia … Hybrid warfare is an emerging, but ill-defined notion in conflict studies. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY (Download the full report here). Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba says the Russian vaccine against COVID-19 is part of hybrid warfare against Ukraine. The US largely views this Russian approach, hybrid war, as a set of activities below the level of conventional conflict. Many policymakers and analysts have expressed concerns about Russian use of "hybrid warfare," especially against Estonia and Latvia, which have significant Russian-speaking populations. For a reverse example, Russia’s concept of “hybrid warfare,” or the so-called Gerasimov doctrine — a term used to describe a blend of conventional and irregular warfare as well as political and cyber warfare — was actually coined to describe what the Russian military perceived as Western military tactics. This paper is part of ISW's Military Learning & The Future of War series. The US must avoid imposing its own conceptual boundaries on the Russian threat—particularly regarding the Russian theory of hybrid war. The ultimate objective of Russian hybrid warfare is not the defeat but the destabilization of neighboring countries. From the report means and instruments, including conventional military forces must play an essential role in any war., media, and economic—to coordinate whole-of-government efforts conceptual boundaries on the means short of conventional conflict in conception. 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