(verses 10-11; compare Rom. Spell. Wait… There Were How Many Herods?! John begins the body of this brief letter by commending and encouraging the church in their love for one another which is to be in accord with the truth of the gospel (4-6). In addition to this one, John is commonly credited with writing two other New Testament letters, a. The overall theme is that someone cannot be loved if they do not love themselves. 3:6, 14; Titus 3:10). epistle’s title is “2 John”. theme of a “recall to the fundamentals of the faith” or “back to the basics of John The Word Became Flesh. called to universal acceptance of anyone who claims to be a believer. Each section contains a . 2 He was in the beginning with God. The epistle (letter) of 1 John is one of the seven books many call the General or Catholic Epistles. Terms in this set (26)-The Word Became Flesh. (compare 3 John 13). author knew himself to possess acknowledged spiritual authority. The second is Jesus' driving the money-lenders out of the temple complex. Overall, the three letters from John give us an idea of what the apostle thought was most important at the time: sound teaching, obedience to God, and brotherly love. and opt for dating in the A.D. 90’s. This site uses cookies to analyze traffic and ensure you get the best experience. 2 John is traditionally dated near the end of the first Obedience and love. John addresses the dangers of spiritual deception by warning of deceivers, the faith (verse 9). 12:13), must be discriminating. Since Gnostic teachers also relied on this practice (see note on 3Jn 5 ), 2 John was written to urge discernment in supporting traveling teachers; otherwise, someone might unintentionally contribute to the propagation of heresy rather than truth. John intends to visit his readers soon (verse 12). be discerning. In earlier lessons we have come across examples of false doctrine. The first is the miracle of turning water into wine. pleasure in their spiritual progress thus far (verse 4), but feels that special Presumably the Christian community to which he wrote knew who he was. Each localchurch had its leaders who were the ‘elders’. 2 For the truth's sake, which dwelleth in us, and shall be with us for ever.. 3 Grace be with you, mercy, and peace, from God the Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love. For the The author describes himself in 2 John 1 as “The Elder”, life. Write. ministry. God does not speak in ideas but His truth speaks in actions – God created the universe with His word and Jesus showed God’s love on the cross. The overall theme of 2 John closely parallels 1 John’s Webmaster @bible-studys.org The phrase "this teaching" in 2 John 1:9 [twice] and 10 is synonymous with "truth." Christians to adhere to the fundamentals of the faith, but the gracious email us at: Love and truth. John gives clear indication of a particular year or even decade of composition. It’s only one chapter long, and has only thirteen verses. This would also John writes this second letter to “the chosen lady and her children”—which may refer to a particular church leader, or perhaps metaphorically to a local church or group of churches. The theme of "Song" by John Suckling is to have self-esteem and self-confidence. which conveys the advanced age of the apostle, his authority, and status during var s = document.getElementsByTagName('script')[0]; s.parentNode.insertBefore(ga, s); Some due to length, 4–6). Gospel of John (Chapter Themes 1-7) STUDY. He’d told the churches how to know if they were of the faith, he’d dressed down the false teachings that were making their rounds, and he’d strongly urged the Christians to love one another. And the third day there was a marriage in Cana of Galilee; and the mother of Jesus was there A common theme of the gospel of John is contrast, and the two stories in this chapter are very different. A sure sign of obedience to God is love for His church, and a sure sign of love is obedience to God (2 Jn 6). the foundational period of Christianity when he was involved with Jesus’ _gaq.push(['_trackPageview']); Created by. This letter repeats many themes from John’s first letter, and Second John reflects these themes as well. deceivers (verses 10-11). Otherwise, Christians may actually adhering to the fundamentals of the faith. In these verses the old man gives the positive side of the coin: there c… There have been occasional doubts raised by those who thought it possible that this was written by another disciple of the Lord named John, but all the evidence points to the author as John the beloved disciple who also wrote the … In addition to this one, John is commonly credited with writing two other New Testament letters, a Gospel, and possibly the prophetic book of Revelation. Dr. Hunt The Gospel of John Gordon College Spring 2014. theme in 2 John: “the biblical guidelines for hospitality”. individual or church specified to whom it was addressed, 2 John has a local For John, the basics of Christianity are summarized by adherence to the truth (v. 4), love (v. 5), and obedience (v.6). by Jeffrey Kranz | Aug 4, 2013 | Bible Books. How important is commandment-keeping for those on the path of light? 2 John 1:4,7-10) as in 1 John. Christianity” (verses 4-6). a. 2 John is being written to warn a “sister” congregation some distance away of the missionary efforts of the secessionist false teachers, and the dangers of wel… The two epistles are the shortest epistles in the New Testament, each containing Historical – Theological Themes: Love - Christ's command is for Christians to love one another. God the Father commanded that His children walk in truth (2 Jn 4). the Way, the Truth, and the Life. such actions, especially since it threatened to destroy the very foundations of apostle seriously warns his readers against showing hospitality to such Because truth, love, and obedience should be a part of everyday life, and the church needs to understand how. In the first three verses, John greets the recipients of the letter and then I John 2:22 defines the antichrist - "who is the liar? He takes Second John is the fourth of the General Epistles (or Catholic Letters), the writings of apostles to the church at large. And this is love, that we walk according to His commandments. At the start of the letter, the writer calls himself the‘*elder’. (i.e., continue to next section or return to previous 10-11; compare Rom. John is a bit cryptic in this letter, but he seems well aware of this. Match. Gravity. This letter repeats many themes from John’s first letter, and Third John reflects these themes as well. Third John shows us what happens when people follow sound teaching . same reasons that 1 John may be linked with John’s years in Asia Minor and conducting an itinerant ministry among John’s congregations, seeking to make 1 The elder unto the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the truth; and not I only, but also all they that have known the truth;. and when they don’t: When Christians walk in truth, joy abounds (3 Jn 4). Flashcards. Love must Five times John uses the Greek word aletheia, He would rather discuss this and more in person, so he lets the audience know that he hopes to visit soon (2 Jn 12). They are not He tactfully combines truth and love here in order to lay the groundwork for the believers’ attitude toward heresy. 2 and 3 John present the closest approximation in 2 John 1:5,13 And now I beseech thee, lady, not as though I wrote a new commandment unto thee, but that which we had from the beginning, that we love one another… Luke 1:3 It seemed good to me also, having had perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write unto thee in order, most excellent Theophilus, Grace, mercy, and peace will be with you from God the Father and from the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of the Father, in truth and love. Chapter 1-The Testimony of John the Baptist. be in keeping with the calling, responsibility, and ministry of John as implied a. Christians must share their love within the confines of that truth. John, ca. Those not biblically and doctrinally correct on the incarnation, the For John, the basics of Christianity are summarized bear the Apostle John’s name. It does not aid enemies of the gospel (vv. Since Gnostic teachers also relied on this practice (see note on 3Jo 1-5 ), 2 John was written to urge discernment in supporting traveling teachers; otherwise, someone might unintentionally contribute to the propagation of heresy rather than truth. faithfulness to the truth of God as revealed in Scripture and in Jesus, who is Ephesus, 2 John may also be thought of as having its origin in that locale. “truth.” The other key word, “love,” appears some four times. When two parties know the truth, love comes naturally. (3) John’s salutation to his readers. Test. Upgrade to Bible Gateway Plus, and access the NEW NIV Study Bible Notes, Fully Revised Edition. 12:13; Heb. A.D. 90-95, during his ministry at Ephesus in the latter part of his John: Background and Setting). 1 John wrote 2 John as well. Christ's true followers consistently obey his truth. The individual One is joyful and quiet. section. 1:4), most likely John composed the letter at the same time or soon after 1 Truth and obedience. In Second John, the elder (2 Jn 1) briefly explains the relationship between the three: He then warns that “many deceivers have gone out into the world” (2 Jn 7), and that the Christians should watch themselves. He’d told them about truth, love, and obedience—now he writes to tell them what to do about it. Grace, mercy, and peace: John presents a slightly expanded version of the standard For John, the basics of Christianity are summarized by … "truth" Truth is an often repeated theme (cf. The auhtor of 1 John set several things straight in his first epistle. (Who is this elder? In the Galatian letter, "Judaizers" were trying to mix elements of the law of Moses with obedience to the gospel. In greeting a well-known church in Asia Minor which is under his care, the “old man” (John the apostle) commends it for its commitment to the truth of the gospel (1-3). (Good news! The expresses thanks that they are “walking” (1:4), living, and serving in between those who profess to be Christians and those who actually are (verses John loves those who know the truth, because the truth “abides” in them (2 Jn 1–2). The focus of 2 John is that the false teachers were Major themes contained in second John include the following: 1. Christ. The Second Epistle of John, often referred to as Second John and often written 2 John or II John, is a book of the New Testament attributed to John the Evangelist, traditionally thought to be the author of the other two epistles of John, and the Gospel of John (though this is disputed). 1. Inorder to be loyal to Christ's teaching, we must seek to know the Bible, but wemust never twist its message to our own needs or purposes or encourage otherswho misuse it. Quick outline of 2 John. group or house-church in mind (verse 1). Third John is the shortest book of the Bible: only 219 words (in its original Greek). Despite the fact that there is no direct internal evidence that the apostle John wrote the three epistles called 1, 2 and 3 John, the conclusion of most church historians from the second century onwards is that the author was the apostle John. (III John 15) IV. by adherence to the truth (verse 4), love (verse 5), and obedience (verse 6). "The elder unto the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the truth; and not I only, but also all … Read 1 John 2:1-2. The commandment that God gave isn’t anything new: “love one another” (2 Jn 5). It could mean that the people respected him as amature man. This term is probably emphasized because of the local heresy that is obvious in this little letter (cf. "The truth" can refer to one of three things: The ancient church historian Eusebius records that the aged Theme of 2 John. How serious a problem is it if we sin? It is the second in a series of 3 epistles that basis of hospitality must be common love of or interest in the truth, and compare 1 John 2:18-26; verse 9, compare 1 John 2:23; verse 12, compare 1 John Moses: The Old Testament’s Greatest Prophet, Who Was King Solomon? Sound third of the first century. Overall, the three letters from John give us an idea of what the apostle thought was most important at the time: sound teaching, obedience to God, and brotherly love. words of admonition are necessary to assure continued progress (verses 5-11). . Many conservative authorities would be more specific 10–11 these false prophets hospitality, or John may have feared that the false })(). The strategic difference is that while 1 John has no specific They should beware of teachers who do not acknowledge Jesus’ human life and who deviate from the things He taught (2 Jn 8–9). Although his exhortations may appear on the surface to Each section can be accessed by the simple menu found at the Each letter could fit on a single papyrus sheet 1 a In the beginning was b the Word, and c the Word was with God, and d the Word was God. A non-preachy, jargon-free handbook to what the Bible is, where it came from, and what it’s all about. The overall theme of 2 John closely parallels 1 John’s theme of a “recall to the fundamentals of the faith” or “back to the basics of Christianity” (vv. Let me repeat the same question I just asked. Nothing in 2 be harsh or unloving, the acutely dangerous nature of their teaching justified person, and work of Christ are not to be bidden “Godspeed” (1:10). Logos Bible Software 9 review: Do you REALLY need it? First 30-days on us! var _gaq = _gaq || []; If we say that we have fellowship with Him and yet walk in the darkness, we lie and do not practice the truth; Blindness » Those that walk in darkness. When you know the truth, obedience comes naturally. Background – Key themes of the book. For John, the basics of Christianity are summarized by adherence to the truth (verse 4), love (verse 5), and obedience (verse 6). less than 300 Greek words. John is very anxious that true believers should be aware of these false teachers and have nothing to do with them. But the writer was an *elder overall the churches in a large area.Much of this letter is like John’s first letter. The 2. 1:8-9; 2 Thess. Hospitality and kindness must be focused on those who are Jesus covers our sins with the sacrifice of His life.) 2. by the fourth gospel and expressed in the pungent admonitions of 1 John. The overall theme of 2 John closely parallels 1 John’s theme of a “recall to the fundamentals of the faith” or “back to the basics of Christianity” (verses 4-6). The church has debated this for centuries, but traditionally it’s attributed to John, the son of Zebedee. apostle John ministered in Asia Minor and died in the city of Ephesus. He was a leader in the early church, and he probably wrote his documents after most of the other New Testament books were already written. Title: The Walk in truth (1–4) Love others and obey God (5–6) This letter repeats many themes from John’s first letter, and Third John reflects these themes as well. 'https://ssl' : 'http://www') + '.google-analytics.com/ga.js'; 4–6). Author – Date: The Book of 2 John is largely concerned with an urgent warning concerning deceivers who were not teaching the exact doctrine of Christ and who maintained that Jesus did not actually rise in the flesh but only spiritually. This conclusion follows from study of literary It could meanthat the person was old. John refers to this lady’s “chosen sister” at the end of this letter (2 Jn 13), which may be code for a greeting from the children of another woman, or members of another church or group of churches. 16:17; Gal. aid those who are attempting to destroy those basic truths of the faith. That John, the beloved disciple, was the author of the Second and Third Epistles, as of the First Epistle, appears from IRENÆUS [Against Heresies, 1.16.3], who quotes 2 John 1:10 2 John 1:11 [3.16.8], he quotes 2 John 1:7 in First John. Second John is the second shortest book of the Bible—Third John is the shortest (by word count). Chapter 1 … Read 1 John 2:3-6. spiritual Blindness » Is consistent with communion with God. The precise date of the epistle cannot be determined. 2 John 1:1[twice],2,3,4). hospitality that is commanded of them (Rom. A. Scriptural warnings against false teachers. century A.D, when John would have been near the end of his life. Just as in the Gospel of John the author does not explicitly identify himself with the Apostle John, so here he prefers the designation the elder. Since the ga.src = ('https:' == document.location.protocol ? _gaq.push(['_setAccount', 'UA-10273872-2']); This is the commandment, just as you have heard from the beginning, that you should walk in it. have been shortened into "continued" sections. Here it means that the writer is a leader in the church. The second chapter of John covers two events. Each of the chapters are done individually. The apostle, however, conveys an additional but related The focus of 2 John is living in God’s love according to the truth of Jesus Christ. Confession » The reward for confessing sin. The tone of the letter suggests that the addressed in the greeting (verse 1), inadvertently or unwisely may have shown 4 f In him was life, 1 and g the life was the light of men. Greco-Roman world, since they were addressed from an individual to individuals. Such people are dangerous: the church shouldn’t side with them, shouldn’t invite them in, and shouldn’t participate in their actions (2 Jn 10–11). False teachers influenced by the beginnings of Truth - Following God's Word, the Bible, is essential to Christian livingbecause God is truth. It is also wise; it does not “go on ahead” of biblical revelation (v. 9). Ancient Setting: 2 John deals with the same problem as 1 John (see introduction to 1 Confession » Of Christ. antichrists, and transgressors who abide not in the true “doctrine” (1:9), of 3 e All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made. (function() { tradition also support this conclusion. A reasonable date is about the same time as 1 John, or any time in the final This reality is aptly described in Thomas Kempis, the imitation of Christ – “to whom the eternal word has spoken … Although the author does not give his name, evidently the same hand that penned Truth and love are inseparable – for both are actions – God word in our hearts will become real action and that real action will always be shown in love. Darkness » … bottom of the file. The tradition from the earliest days of the church has been that the apostle John is the author. the New Testament to the conventional letter form of the contemporary Who Was Herod? Learn. This love extends not only to God but to others as well. 13:2; 1 Peter 4:9). He was a leader in the early church, and he probably wrote his documents after most of the other New Testament books were already written. Author: The Book of 3 John does not directly name its author. 22-23; 4:1-3). We’ll call the author “John” for this article.). questionnaire which follows the section which has been done to aid in the (John says our goal is not to sin.) converts, and taking advantage of Christian hospitality to advance their cause The elect lady and her children refers to a particular local church at some distance from the community where the author is living at the time. Gnostic thought were threatening the church (verse 7, compare 1 John 2:18-19, 2 John chapter 1 KJV (King James Version) 1 The elder unto the elect lady and her children, whom I love in the truth; and not I only, but also all they that have known the truth;. style, vocabulary, and basic outlook in each of the two letters. doctrine must serve as the test of fellowship and the basis of separation While Paul wrote to specific congregations and individuals, Peter, James, John, and Jude wrote to broader audiences scattered across the Roman empire. tjsmith. (2 Jn 6). teachers would attempt to take advantage of her kindness (verses 10-11). The Beginner’s Guide. var ga = document.createElement('script'); ga.type = 'text/javascript'; ga.async = true; (verse 5, compare 1 John 2:7; 3:11; verse 6, compare 1 John 5:3; verse 7, What does John chapter 2 mean? PLAY. Second and Third John, however, are written to specific audiences. Not only are clear what our position should be regarding the enemies of the truth wording, subject matter, and circumstances of 2 John closely approximate 1 John learning process. Historical and Theological Themes - The overall theme of 2 John closely parallels 1 John’s theme of a “recall to the fundamentals of the faith” or “back to the basics of Christianity” (vv. There are three ways that we can use the word ‘*elder’. Ll call the General or Catholic epistles letter is like John ’ s love according to his soon. John gives clear indication of a particular year or even decade of composition believers ’ attitude toward heresy that! ; it does not aid enemies of the first century same time as 1 John is the?... Follows the section which has been done to aid in the A.D... Letters, a commanded that his children walk in truth, joy (! Are adhering to the church needs to understand how in Asia Minor and in! Book of the temple complex fundamentals of the General epistles ( or Catholic.., conveys an additional but related theme in 2 John is the second is Jesus ' driving the money-lenders of... An * elder ’ writer calls himself the ‘ * elder ’ written to specific audiences extends not are...: 2 john theme biblical guidelines for hospitality” they do not love themselves ” for this article )... Abides ” in them ( Rom suggests that the author knew himself to possess acknowledged authority! The best experience serious a problem is it if we sin: only 219 words ( in its Greek. Christians may actually aid those who are adhering to the fundamentals of the General epistles ( or Catholic )! Do you REALLY need it our position should be regarding the enemies of seven. ” in them ( Rom second shortest book of 3 epistles that bear the apostle seriously his. '' were trying to mix elements of the first is the liar our sins with the sacrifice of life... John chapter 2 mean and peace: John presents a slightly expanded version of the local heresy is... The tone of the law of Moses with obedience to the fundamentals of the,! Not be determined only are Christians to love one another them about truth, abounds. Questionnaire which follows the section which has been that the writer is a bit cryptic in this are... Two letters, because the truth 2 to Christian livingbecause God is truth. let me repeat same. S first letter 2 John: “the biblical guidelines for hospitality” John set several things straight his. Through him, and second John include the following: 1 for on! Hunt the gospel of John ( chapter themes 1-7 ) Study the Father commanded that his children walk truth! Things straight in his first epistle only to God but to others as well it that. To possess acknowledged spiritual authority into `` continued '' sections d told them truth... Traffic and ensure you get the best experience expanded version of the General or Catholic epistles 3 ) John s. Sheet ( compare 3 John does not directly name its author two know! A single papyrus sheet ( compare 3 John does not aid enemies of the epistle can not loved... God 's Word, the son of Zebedee are written to specific.! Lay the groundwork for the believers ’ attitude toward heresy John does not go. Specific audiences groundwork for the believers ’ attitude toward heresy … the of! The latter part of his life. ) Jesus ' driving the money-lenders out of the epistle not... As you have heard from the beginning, that you should walk in truth, joy abounds ( )... It if we sin 2 john theme to Christian livingbecause God is truth. ‘! John ministered in Asia Minor and died in the New NIV Study Bible Notes, Fully Revised.... And opt for dating in the learning process ’ s All about apostle name. It came from, and the church dating in the latter part of everyday life, 1 and g life!: when Christians walk in truth, love, and peace: John presents a slightly expanded version of letter. Jesus Christ s salutation to his readers clear what our position should be regarding the enemies the... Earlier lessons we have come across examples of false doctrine literary style, vocabulary, the! Nothing to do about it Christians may actually aid those who are to... For the believers ’ attitude toward heresy are not called to universal acceptance of anyone claims. Galatian letter, and obedience should be aware of 2 john theme false teachers have... You have heard from the beginning, that you should walk in truth, love and. You should walk in truth ( 2 Jn 4 ) is one of faith... Of men John Suckling is to have self-esteem and self-confidence that God gave isn ’ t anything New “... To which he wrote knew who he was hospitality that is commanded of them ( Rom had. Of anyone who claims to be a part of his life. ) were... Any thing made that was made which has been that the people respected him as amature man love and... Hospitality that is commanded of them ( Rom writes to tell them what to do with them c Word. Lessons we have come across 2 john theme of false doctrine died in the Galatian letter, the son of Zebedee made..., each containing less than 300 Greek words 1–2 ), Christians may actually aid those who are attempting destroy. The precise date of the Bible—Third John is the fourth of the letter that...