Personally, I prefer the first one as it has a logical flow of checking the scores (but that’s just me). If you have a lot of workbooks open and you quickly want to close all, except the active workbook, you can use the below code. It does away with the need for multiple If Statements which can make Excel VBA code very hard to read and decipher. There can be multiple Else If…Then clauses in a VBA if statement, as long as each Else If … criteria is mutually exclusive from other Else If or If criteria. Syntax: If Then It is a simple Condition to check an expression, if the condition is True it will execute the Statement. I want the blinking in a specific range, say A1:A10, upon satisfying a condition (without the button), say if >=5. You May Also Like the Following Excel Tutorials: I tried using the below vba code in an excel sheet. Let’s say you buy bicycles, motorcycles, and cars. Now, if I ask you to do this manually, you will check each student’s grade and if it’s an A, you’ll highlight it, and if it isn’t, then you’ll leave it as is. You can also use similar codes when checking when the value is not equal to a specified value in the VBA code. If the value is greater than 100 then we need the value in cell B2 as “More than 100”. This will insert a module object for your workbook. Hence you need to use the End IF statement. However, in the second syntax, the true_code part is in the second line. Go to Insert and click on Module. Once we have the logic correct, we will apply the logic to a range of cells using a looping structure.In Excel, open the VBA Editor by pressing F-11 (or press the Visual Basic button on the Developer ribbon. Multiple If…Then Statements compared to ElseIf structure: In Multiple If…Then statements, VBA runs through each of the If…Then blocks even after encountering a True condition (and executing its associated statements), whereas in an ElseIf structure all subsequent conditions are skipped after encountering a True condition. Even if one of the conditions is false, it will execute the false_code. In this article, we will see the syntax, uses and examples of the Case Statement. Using the case statement, you can run one of several groups of statements, depending on the value of an expression. Now if you’re wondering what’s the difference between the two syntaxes, let me clarify. LinkBack. This time the code is much more readable than the last one. You will often want to make choices based on the data your macros reads. multiple if statements in VBA in a few different examples. To use If and Or statement excel, you need to apply a similar formula as you have applied for If & And with the only difference is that if any of the condition is true then it will show you True. It uses the For Next loop to go through the collection of all the open workbooks and checks the name using the IF condition. Else MsgBox "none of the conditions are true." Now we have three conditions to test, and we have used the OR after the second condition to specify the third condition. You can use the If...Then...Else statement to run a specific statement or a block of statements, depending on the value of a condition. Sub Macro2() If Range("B3") < Range("D3") Then Range("E3") = 45 MsgBox "Value1 is smaller than Value2" End if End Sub The subroutine above saves the number 45 to cell E3 if the value in cell B3 is smaller than the value in D3. But when we split it into more than one line, we need to use the End If statement. So there is an ‘IF Then Else’ construct within an ‘IF Then Else’ construct. If you have any doubts regarding this article or any other Excel/VBA related articles, ask in … When you split the IF statement into multiple lines, you need to tell VBA where the IF Then construct ends. When you split the IF statement into multiple lines, you need to tell VBA where the IF Then construct ends. Let's look at some Excel AND function examples and explore how to use the AND function in Excel VBA code. The IF statement also allows you to execute multiple lines of code, the END IF statement tells the subroutine when to stop. So far in this tutorial, we have only checked for a single condition at a time. One of the most common things to do in coding is to build logic that checks for the occurrence of multiple conditions. The same logic can be built in VBA using the If Then Else statement as well (and of course do a lot more than just highlighting grades). The above code has a single line of IF statement that checks the value in cell A1. Also the words are not case sensitive. The first way will work, but it’s not the elegant one. How to Use Excel VBA InStr Function (with practical EXAMPLES). Nested If statements. The first example I’m going to show you two ways you can use multiple ifs. After you run the code, Excel will display this message. In case you don’t use End IF when required, VBA will show you an error – “Block IF without END IF”. But what if you want to show a message in both the cases, whether a student passed or failed the exam. This )Right-click “This Workbook” in the Project Explorer (upper-left of VBA Editor) and select Insert ⇒ Module.In the Code window (right panel) type the following and press ENTER.We wa… ©TrumpExcel.com – Free Online Excel Training, FREE EXCEL TIPS EBOOK - Click here to get your copy, Examples of Using IF Then Statement in VBA, Nested IF Then (Multiple IF Then statements), Example 1 – Save and Close All Workbooks Except The Active Workbook, Example 2 – Highlight Cells with Negative Values, Example 3 – Hide All the Worksheet Except the Current Worksheet, Example 4 – Extract the Numeric Part from an Alphanumeric String, Working with Cells and Ranges in Excel VBA, Creating a Custom Function in Excel Using VBA, Excel VBA Events – An Easy (and Complete) Guide. In this lesson, I’m going to show you, how you can use When you type Sub IF_THEN() as the first message without any quotes around it, you can observe, Excel automatically adds the line End Subbelow the first message line when you press Enter. If Then Statement If Then Statement | Else Statement Use the If Then statement in Excel VBA to execute code lines if a specific condition is met. In the above code, we have used multiple IF statements (nested IF Then) with the help of Else. For example, you may want to read only the students who have marks greater than 70. Copy and paste the code in the module window. See the following example: The IF-THEN-ELSE statement is a built-in function in Excel that is categorized as a Logical Function. Sub sb1_IFCondition() … In case you have multiple conditions to check, you can use: Let me show you how these differ and how to use this in Excel VBA. In this example, the first three conditions are not met, so Excel displays the last message. A single IF function only analyze two criteria. The macro recorder uses a lot of With..End With statements but I personnaly don't. Different languages have different syntaxes for nested if statements. Try replacing your 4th code line i.eSet xCell = Range(“Sheet2!A1”) with Set xCell = Range(“A1:A10) for a range as asked above. IF THEN is a simple form of VBA statement. So even if the first IF statement is correct, the second would still be evaluated. Suppose you have the scores for two subjects instead of one, and you want to check for the following conditions: The above code uses both OR and AND statements. This type of nesting allows you to check for multiple conditions and run the relevant block of code. You can use the OR operator with the VBA IF statement to test multiple conditions. The above code (that we saw in the previous section) can be further optimized by using the ElseIf statement. You can also write this same code with a slight change (using OR instead of AND). In case you want to quickly hide all the worksheets except the active one, you can use the below code: The above code uses the For Each loop to go through a collection of worksheets. If the student scores less than 35, the message to display is ‘Fail’, if the score is more than or equal to 35, the message to display is ‘Pass’, and if the score is more than 80, the message to display is ‘Pass, with Distinction’. In the above code, only when both Condition1 and Condition2 are met, the true_code is executed. As you may have noticed, we have evaluated only two criteria … So yeah guys, this is how the Select Case (switch) statement is used in Excel VBA to check multiple conditions. Multiple IF AND statements in Excel. It executes one set of code if a specified condition evaluates to TRUE, or another set of code if it evaluates to FALSE. Here is what we’re trying to do – If the student scores less than 35, the message to display is ‘Fail’, if the score is more than or equal to 35, the message to display is ‘Pass’, and if the score is more than 80, the message to display is ‘Pass, with Distinction’. But when the IF condition is FALSE, the code jumps to the Else part and executes the code block in it. Not equal to represented by <> the Excel VBA. Let`s work on an example where a patient with HIV/AIDS and the opportunistic disease Tuberculosis would first be sent to Ward One, to collect ARVS (Antiretrovirals) and then to the respiratory department of the hospital, to receive treatment and palliative care for Tuberculosis. It can be used as a VBA function (VBA) in Excel. However, when you have multiple dependent conditions, you can use the AND or OR statement with the IF conditions. ANALYSISTABS Examples on Conditional Statements. It is executed only if the previous one returned FALSE. One line statement is perfect if you are using the IF-Then statement. This enables VBScript to handle complex conditions with ease. End If End Sub . The above code uses the For Each loop and checks each cell in the selection that you have made. The Excel users also use this formula so much in their daily life to test conditions. It works in a similar way to If … Else. To apply the formula, you have to follow the above process. By jcicero57 in forum Excel Programming / VBA / Macros Replies: 0 Last Post: 10-27 ... By UsmanBPD in forum Excel Programming / VBA / Macros Replies: 3 Last Post: 07-24-2012, 12:52 PM. This will open the VB editor in the backend. Take a look at the modified example. As you read through each student you would use the If Statement to check the marks of each student. The format to write a code is: If Then You should use matchingEnd If statement after entering the above syntax, When the condition meets or criteria evaluates to true, then all the lines between If Then and End Ifare processed. If Statement with multiple criteria. There are various ways to apply the If statement. IF is one of the most popular and frequently used statements in VBA.IF statement in VBA is sometimes also called as IF THEN ELSE Statement. however, this code functions through a button and for a single cell. This first example combines the AND function with the IF Statement in VBA code: If LWebsite = "TechOnTheNet.com" And LPages <= 10 Then LBandwidth = "Low" Else LBandwidth = "High" End If. If you’re interested in learning VBA the easy way, check out my Online Excel VBA Training. This is helpful when the code that you need to run in case the IF condition is true is long and consists of multiple lines. The first syntax is a simple one-line IF THEN ELSE statement where you don’t need to use the END IF statement. Current Rating ‎ Excellent ‎ Good ‎ Average ‎ Bad ‎ Terrible 03-21-2016, 01:39 PM #1. If condition Then [ statements ] [ Else elsestatements] Or, you can use the block form syntax: If condition Then [ statements ] [ ElseIf condition-n Then [ elseifstatements ]] [ Else [ elsestatements ]] End If The If...Then...Elsestatement syntax has these parts. excel & vba … Download this example file, we will learn conditional statements with examples. The first example I’m going to show you two ways you can use multiple ifs. An If statement followed by one or more ElseIf statements that consists of boolean expressions and then followed by a default else statement, which executes when all the condition becomes false. So far we have used a single IF Then statement. You can also combine If If the student scores less than 35, the message to display is ‘Fail’, if the score is more than or equal to 35, the message to display is ‘Pass’. example shows a practical example of how you can use it in real life. Here, you have a lot of code and when you have to close the IF condition this is not going to be As a coder, whether novice or experienced, hopefully you agree that this is one of the most common coding tasks. Now theoretical explanation is enough, even if you did not understand anything nothing to worry. Excel Personal Macro Workbook | Save & Use Macros in All Workbooks. very readable. The Case statement is a very common and useful function used in VBA. Note that when we use a single line of IF Then statement, we don’t need to use End IF. This is extremely valuable in many situations as we will see in the examples later in this tutorial. Wondering where the VBA code goes in your Excel workbook? The important thing to know here is that in the above construct, all the IF statements are evaluated and the ones where the condition is true, the code is executed. View Profile … However, for readability, you may want to use a Select Case statement rather than multiple levels of nested If...Then...Else statements. The msgbox function then displays … The “If Statement” is used in many programming languages. IF Statement If .. Then. If the cell has a value that is negative, it’s highlighted in red with white font color. An If or ElseIf statement inside another If or ElseIf statement (s). If...Then...Else statements can be nested to as many levels as you need. But before I get into the specifics, let me give you the syntax of the ‘IF Then Else’ statement. Multiple IF statements are also known as “ Nested IF Statement ” is a formula containing 2 or more IF functions. An example of Excel VBA If..Else with And operator If you have multiple expressions to check in the If statement and all have to be True in order to execute the code, you may do this by using the ‘And’ operator. The above code uses ElseIf, which allows us to keep all the conditions within one single IF Then statement. We want to buy 7 motorcycles. Click on Visual Basic option. Useful Excel Macro Examples for VBA Beginners (Ready-to-use). If you don’t see the Project Explorer go to the View tab and click on Project Explorer. Suppose that you have a column full of numbers and you want to quickly highlight all the cells with negative values in red, you can do that using the below code. In this example we will evaluate a single cell. In VBA, If statements … To give you a simple example, suppose you have a list of grades in Excel and you want to highlight all those students who have scored an A. LinkBack URL; About LinkBacks; Thread Tools. We can use the below code to get this done: You can use multiple IF Then statement as shown above. Now, all the co… and Select … Case statements. Excel Programming / VBA / Macros; Multiple Conditions with If Statements in VBA; Results 1 to 9 of 9 Multiple Conditions with If Statements in VBA. If you have alphanumeric strings in cells and you want to extract the numeric part from it, you can do that using the below code: This code will create a custom function in Excel that can use within the worksheet (just like a regular function). In this tutorial, I’ll show you different ways the ‘If Then Else’ construct can be used in Excel VBA, and some practical examples in action. Below code will perform the required task.Code:Then run this code using F5 key or manually as shown in the screenshot. It is an easier way to write multiple IF-THEN-ELSE statements. With OR, even if one of the conditions are true, it will execute the true_code. 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